The real definition of waste is broader than just talking about municipal wastes. It also includes agricultural wastes, hazardous wastes released from factories and also healthcare wastes as well. Wastes not only affect the environment but also your health. If you do not stay in a clean and hygienic environment, then you're bound to suffer from illness or diseases.
One of the biggest forms of environmental pollution is the creation of wastes by human beings. Therefore, controlling waste production will itself help in controlling environmental pollution and thus create a sustainable environment for future generations.
Wastes littered on the streets are not only very unpleasing to look at but also damage the environment with its contaminants. For example, if motor oil is not disposed of in the right manner, then it can end up contaminating the nearby rivers, ponds, and lakes.
Various types of cleaning supplies, as well as fertilizers, can easily make groundwater or river water unsafe for drinking. It will also destroy the natural habitat of different plants and animals living in either water or land. If waste disposal is done in the right way, then the environment will be a better place to live in.
There are various waste disposal companies like bin hire in Wellington services, who will pay you for your garbage. This means that you can easily make money off your wastes. The reason behind this is that, over the last couple of years, due to an increase in the production of wastes, recycling of wastes has become a very common business. Manufacturers especially love recycling because they don't have to spend on newly bought raw materials. Instead, the money could be better spent on recycled materials.
Various recyclable goods made from plastic, wood, glass, etcetera, can be sold, which are then again recycled and reused. With the help of recycling, environmental pollution via the creation of wastes reduces significantly.
There is no doubt that wastes, if not disposed of or taken care of in the right manner, then it can be a risk for your general safety. For example, sharp objects littered around the streets can instantly poke through your shoes and cut your feet. It can also harm any nearby stray animals as well. Your children playing in the park or the street can also get potentially hurt or receive infections due to poor waste disposal techniques too.
Pieces of plastic if not disposed of properly can easily choke any animals. Furthermore, other hazardous wastes can quickly spread diseases and illnesses like malaria, dengue, and etcetera. Proper waste management is required not only for humans but also for the animals and the environment.
When wastes are burned or incinerated, there is a lot of energy that gets wasted. The energy is simply utilized in the wrong way with no significant gains in the overall process.
But, if there was a way by which the incineration process can be used to generate electricity and therefore power thousands of homes, then it could be said that the energy production is used in the right manner. Thus, waste management will not only help in terms of saving costs but also energy too. The only drawback here is that through incineration, a lot of toxic gases get released into the atmosphere. The gases contain dioxins and can prove to be a very poisonous smoke to human beings, plants, and animals.
Composting is the process by which wastes are decomposed in such a way that leftover scraps of vegetables, fruits, organic wastes like leaves of plants, etcetera, are used as organic fertilizers for plants to grow. Apart from that, the waste gas (methane) that is produced with the help of this process, is then used for the production of electricity.
The main aim of the composting process is to make sure that the natural decomposition of the organic wastes is controlled and then used for a better prospect.