5 Types of Waste Disposal Methods

Many families around the world produce a large amount of waste every single day. Litter, rubbish, garbage, trash, or anything else you would like to call it has become firmly part of daily life.

It, therefore, goes without saying that how you dispose of waste really matters. Over the years, humans have not been dealing with litter effectively, leading to a lot of pollution on land, air and in the sea. Consequently, many people and animals have suffered greatly because of the contamination that comes from waste. Even so, some garbage disposal methods have emerged as the most preferred by many societies. Here is a list of five common waste disposal techniques:

1. Recycling

Recycling is one of the best methods of disposal simply because it goes a long way to preserve the environment. There are so many materials you can recycle starting from metals, PVC, PP, LDPE, glass, etc. Recycling ensures that waste does not get into landfills or water bodies by creating useful components out of trash. Many entities/ communities have made it easy to recycle products by adopting labels to indicate whether a commodity is recyclable or not.

The best thing about this method of waste disposal is that it has both economic and environmental benefits. It saves the government money needed for waste programs, creates thousands of jobs, and can earn some good cash. To get money from recycling, just deliver recyclable waste to the nearest recycling centre.

2. Animal Feed

Your pet can be quite an effective waste disposal entity. Animals such as rabbits and hamsters will happily feed on any scraps you give them. On the other hand, dogs will feed on many kinds of food waste including large meat bones. If you have livestock, ensure that the leftover food is appropriate for their diet.

Pigs are the best food waste disposal agents because they feed on just about anything. All in all, animals are great for reducing the amount of food waste a household produces. You don't have to own the animals. Simply, look for someone with livestock and make a waste disposal arrangement with them.

3. Biological Reprocessing

This is one of the best methods for dealing with different kinds of organic waste. Things like shredded paper, onion peels, fruit rind, etc. are a great source of compost or mulch for any garden. The only materials you can treat via biological reprocessing are paper, food, and plant products.

There are various techniques for composting waste. The method used to digest food or paper waste depends on the end use; whether you want compost for industrial materials or household heaps. Other than creating compost or mulch, you can also get waste gas for electricity production via biological reprocessing.

4. Incineration

This type of waste disposal involves the dumping off method where you eliminate waste materials via combustion. The other name for this disposal method is thermal treatment. You can conduct incineration at an industrial or individual scale and dispose of many kinds of waste matter.

Most countries that have scarce land prefer the incineration method. You can use the energy created by burning waste materials to generate heat, electricity, or steam. One downside of this disposal method is that it can be a source of air pollution.

5. Landfill

It is one of the most common waste disposal methods worldwide. It involves collecting, transporting, dumping, and burying waste in a designated land. Many cities plan for deserted and vacant spaces to handle rubbish.

Authorities strive to ensure that the design of each landfill is effective in relation to sanitisation and economical use of land. Still, landfills are a major source of health and environmental issues that affect many societies. To start with, the gas coming from these landfills is always extremely hazardous. A fact is that all the other four disposal methods are better than using landfills.

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